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Monkeys, Apes and Humans
Anthropology 1500
Department of Anthropology, University of Missouri-Columbia

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Study Guide for final exam

Final exam is on Wednesday, May 3, 8:00 -10:00

Exam format: The in class final exam is worth 150 pts., that is 15% of your grade.

100 pts. objective: multiple choice, fill in blank, T or F, etc. questions, 50 pts. short essay

Preparation for exam: The exam will test your retention and understanding of theories and facts. Exam questions will emphasize material presented in lecture and films, although readings from the text are an important supplement. I strongly urge you to form small "study groups" with 3 or 4 of your classmates. Prepare a one page (both sides if you so desire) information sheet that you may use during the exam.

Exam material: The exam is comprehensive. You should understand and have mastered the factual basis for the following issues (I recommend you outline answers and have a classmate review them to see if you are prepared):

1. What are key features of the evolutionary process? (replication, etc.)

2. At what levels is natural selection most potent (produce adaptations)? Why?

3. What are the primates, and how are they classified?

4. What is the basis for phylogenetic classification?

5. What are homologous and analogous traits? Think of an example of a trait that is homologous between some species, but analogous between others.

6. Why do we grow old and die?

7. Why do different species have different life history strategies?

8. What can we learn from studying non-human primates?

9. What factors are associated with primate mating systems?

10. Why do some primates form social groups? What conditions favor grouping?

11. Why do some species of primates have larger testes than others?

12. Under what circumstances does infanticide occur in non-human primates?

13. What is sexual dimorphism? Which primate species are dimorphic for some traits, and which are not? Why?

14. What factors are associated with estrous swellings in non-human primates?

15. What forms of communication do primates use?

16. What are the major taxonomic groups of primates?

17. What do primates eat?

18. How does diet affect social organization in primates?

19. What is kin selection?

20. Why are the major costs associated with sexual reproduction, and what are the benefits?

21. What are the different types of mating systems?

22. What factors (environment) affect mating systems?

23. What are dominance hierarchies, and why do they exist?

24. Remember details from the films and text to use as examples to support arguments.

25. What factors are associated with estrus swellings in different species of primates?

26. What theories have been proposed to account for the evolution of intelligence?

27. What is the fossil evidence (dates, features, etc.) for human ancestry (Australopithecines, etc.)

28. What are the unique and unusual characteristics of humans, and how might they have evolved?

Key chapters to review in text: 1; part of 3 (pp. 75- 79), major points of 4, 5, 6; 7 in detail; major points of 8 and 9; major points of 11-13, 15, 17, 18, & 19.






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