This news item was created by students Darian Hampton, Isaac Butler, Chaquita Godfrey, Kahli Who and Courtney May as part of their Chemistry 210 Semester Project in WS99 under the guidance of Prof. Rainer Glaser.

Glaser's "Chemistry is in the News"
To Accompany Wade Organic Chemistry 4/e.
Chapter 25. Lipids.


For each of the following questions, please refer to the following article:

McGUIRE USES SUBSTANCES BANNED IN SOME SPORTS
by John Drape, New York Times, August 22, 1998.


Editorial Comments

Hormone enhancers, otherwise known as steroids are a growing controversial topic in the wide world of sports. Many athletes including Mark McGuire, Sammy Sosa, and the late Lyle Alonzo have been questioned on how much of their success is attributed to their natural ability, and how much of their success is attributed to the use of anabolic steroids. Anabolic steroids are drugs used to increase strength and build muscle.

Much of the controversy surrounding steroids deals with which steroids should be banned and which steroids don't enhance sports performance. Some hormone enhancers such as adrostenedione and creatine are sold over the counter. There are possible known affects of anabolic steroid use such as cancer heart attacks, liver dysfunctions, and dehydration. Despite possible long-term affects athletes continue to use steroids to gain an edge.

See also structure of testosterone. See also steroid hormone action.

Pertinent Text References
Chapter 25. Lipids.



Questions

Question 1: How do steroids enhance hormones? What are the benefits and dangers of steroid use? (see steroid link)


A.


Question 2: Mark McGwire has openly admitted to using androstenedione and creatine, what are these two supplements and how do the affect the body? Is it legal to use them and why?


A.


Question 3: Where do we draw the line between banned substances and legal substances used in sports?


A.


Question 4: What structures do steroids have that enables them to bind to hormones in the body?


A.