Professor of English
University of Missouri
114 Tate Hall
Columbia, Missouri 65211
1st International Council of Africana Womanism Conference: University of Zimbabwe (UZ) Chapter
October 27 - 29, 2010
U.S. Speakers & Honorees Invitation Letter
Council of Africana Womanism Conference
Awards Banquet Program
The Africana Womanism Journal (Proposed)
Pages from Africana Womanist
Syllabus: Contemporary Africana Womanist Writers, English 4420 (updated January 2015)
Syllabus: Theorizing Africana Literature, English 2400 (updated January 2015)
Curriculum vitae (uploaded November 2015)
Brief Narrative Statement
Africana Womanism: "I Got Your Back, Boo"
Emmett Till: The Sacrificial Lamb of the Civil Rights Movement
Emmett--Legacy, Redemption and Forgiveness
Jacket Cover 1
Jacket Cover 2
African and Women of African Descent Leading and Impacting The World : A Pan-African Collection
Environmental Racism: Black Landowners, Katrina and The Making of a New Hilton Head--An Emmett Till Continuum (Keynote Address at International Environment Justice Conference at Wellesley College, Dept. of Africana Studies, 2007).
Africana Womanism and Baraka Obama book and chapter info
Also available: book covers
A Case of Plagiarism (Word)
New Release: The Definitive Emmett Till and
Emmett Till: The Sacrificial Lamb of the CRM
Emmett Till Movie Synopsis
Emmett Till Film news release
Chronology of the Definitive Emmett Till Work (Word)
The Ernest C. Withers Collection Goes National (now Intern’l)
- Africana Womanism & Race & Gender in the Presidential Candidacy of Barack Obama [cover in pdf]
- The Definitive Emmett Till: Passion and Battle of a Woman for Truth and Intellectual Justice, Bloomington, England: AuthorHouse, 2006. [cover in pdf]
- Africana Womanist Literary Theory, Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press, 2004. Reviewed in The Western Journal of Black Studies, Winter 2003, pp. 275-77.
- Emmett Till: The Sacrificial Lamb of the Civil Rights Movement, 2nd revised edition. Bedford Publishers, August 1995, (1st edition--1994) 3rd. Revised Edition, New Foreword by James Stewart, February 2000. New Release, AuthorHouse, 2006 [cover in pdf]
- Africana Womanism: Reclaiming Ourselves, 4th revised edition, Bedford, 2004 (1st edition--1993)--Reviews in The Western Journal of Black Studies, Winter 1994; Class Magazine, September 1994; Modern Fiction Studies, 39. 3 and 4, 1993.
- Toni Morrison. NY/Boston: Prentice-Hall, 1990. (Co-authored with Wilfred D. Samuels) 2nd printing, 1993; CD-ROM, 1995--Reviews: American Studies, Fall, 1992, (135-6) MELUS US, Winter, 1991 (146-8); Choice, July 1990 (1828-9).
- Contemporary Africana Theory, Thought and Action: A Guide to Africana Studies, Editor, Africa World Press, 2007. [flyer in pdf]
- Plagiarism—Physical and Intellectual Lynchings: An Emmett Till Continuum (Part III of Till Trilogy), Editor, AuthorHouse, 2007 [cover in pdf]
Till: The Sacrificial Lamb of the CRM
and Emmett: To Live For
New Release: The Definitive Emmett Till: Passion and Battle of a Woman for Intellectual Justice and
Re-release: Emmett Till: The Sacrificial Lamb of the CRM (newly republished by AuthorHouse, Parity)
Till Film news release
Chronology of the Definitive Emmett Till Work (in Word)
Clenora Hudson-Weems, Ph.D., was the
first to establish the position of the August 28, 1955, brutal lynching
of Emmett Louis "Bobo" Till, the 14-year-old Black Chicago youth for whistling
at a 21-year-old white woman (Carolyn Bryant) in Money, MS, as the catalyst
of the Modern Civil Rights Movement. In Emmett
Till: The Sacrificial Lamb of the CRM (1994),
she carefully documents the Till murder case as having set the stage for
the 1956 Montgomery Bus Boycott, since it happened 3 months and 3 days
before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery
bus, December 1, 1955. A Ford Fellow, she quests for truth surrounding
the underplaying of the case in American history, concluding that Park's
demonstration was more palatable than Till's bloated face, in spite of
King's assertion in Stride Toward Freedom that pressed in the minds of the Alabamians during the boycott was the
image of Till. Contending that "Historians will talk about the good and
the bad, but they won't deal with the ugly," informant for her 1988 doctoral
dissertation (U. of Iowa), Rayfield Mooty,
Labor Union and Civil Rights activist who advised the mother, Mamie,
during the ordeal, help to make the case a "cause célèbre."
Many luminaries in the academy praised
the author for her bold, brave stance regarding this case. For example,
Yale University's late Dr. John Blassingame
contended that the book
is an unusually revealing and exciting narration of an important twentieth century event, crucial in the origins of the Civil Rights Movement. When you really think about it, Hudson-Weems is absolutely right. We historians missed it.
The late C. Eric Lincoln of Duke University
founding editor of The Western Journal of Black
Studies (Washington State University Press), asserts that
In Emmett Till, she drops the other shoe and challenges the most sacred shibboleths of the origins of the Civil Rights Movement. Not everyone will want to agree with what she has to say. But few will lay the book down before she has had her say. And she says a lot America needs to hear again right now.
Hudson-Weems substantiates the real catalytic event that unleashed
the long inhibited Black rebellion against the viciousness and brutality
of White racism. . . . The lynching of Till may no longer be denied
as the genesis of the chronology of the Civil Rights Movement.
On January 1, 1998, Hudson-Weems called Barry Morrow to advise him of an epiphany she had to take the movie, "Emmett: Passion for Truth," of which she is producer with Morrow, to another level. She wanted to tell the whole story, the story of redemption, without sacrificing the legacy of Emmett Till. From the horric story of the senseless lynching of 14-year-old Emmett, we also learn of the story of the then 34-year old defense attorney, John
Whitten, Jr., who delivered the defining closing remarks, "Every Last
Anglo Saxon one of you has the courage to free these men" (the two murderers,
24-year old Roy Bryant and his 34-year of half brother, J. W. Milam),
as the redemptive spirit. His subsequent activities as legal representative
for members of the very community, Black, whom he then opposed, makes
possible for a racial healing and a reconciliation for all to see without,
of course, sacrificing the true legacy of Emmett Till.
Till Continuum Conferences Chaired by Hudson-Weems
- Symposium on Civil/Human Rights of Africanans:
A Till Continnuum. December 1, 2000, University of Missouri,
- From Emmett Till, to James Byrd, Amadou Diallo
& Shaka Sankofa: When Will It Stop? CEO & National Chairperson,
Second National Conference on Civil/Human Rights of Africanans, Memphis,
TN, September 7-10, 2000.
- From Money, MS to Union, South Carolina: The
Legacy of American Oppression. National Chairperson, First
National Conference on Civil/Human Rights of African Americans, Memphis,
TN, August 17-20, 1995.
- Emmett Till Day in Court 1994: A Civil Rights
Forum. University of Missouri- Columbia, October 21, 1994.
Africana Womanism: Reclaiming Ourselves
4198 Carson, Troy, MI 48098
Clenora Hudson-Weems, Ph.D., in her definitive,
pioneering book, Africana Womanism: Reclaiming
Ourselves, explicates a paradigm for all women of African descent
in terms of the relativity of her rich legacy of African womanhood and
Black women activism. A family centered construct, rather than the common
female centeredness associated with women movements in general, Hudson-Weems
in this work articulates the true role of the Africana woman within the
constructs of the modern feminist movement. In reclaiming, renaming and
redefining Black women and their movement, the author, according to C.
Eric Lincoln (Duke U. Professor Emeritus), has established herself "as
a careful, independent thinker, unafraid to unsettle settled opinion."
Hudson-Weems has stood firm on her ground
that most Black women by their historical and cultural realities are not
feminists. She insists that dealing with gender issues does not automatically
make one a feminist, thus the feminist has no exclusive on gender issues.
Hudson-Weems has been respected by authentic Africana scholars, such as
the editors of Call and Response: The Riverside
Anthology of the African American Literary (Houghton Mifflin, 1997),
as "the first African American woman intellectual to formulate a position
on Africana Womanism . . . [who] launched a new critical discourse in
the Black Woman's Literary Movement." (1811). In addition to many
national/international speaking engagements, she has also been invited
to contribute articles/book chapters on the subject in numerous other
publications, including Sisterhood, Feminisms,
and Power: From Africa to the Diaspora (Africa World Press, 1998,
Obioma Nnaemeka, editor); Out of the Revolution:
The Development of Africana Studies (Lexington Books, 2000, Delores
P. Aldridge and Charlene Young, editors); Black
Studies: From the Pyramids to Pan Africanism and Beyond (McGraw
Hill, 2001, William "Nick" Nelson, Jr.); State
of the Race: Creating Our 21st Century (U. of Mass.-Boston,
2001, Jemadari Kamara and T. Menelik Van Der Meer, editors), etc.
Respect for Hudson-Weems' concept has
extended beyond the boundaries of the United States. According to the
late Zula Sofola, distinguished as Nigeria's first female playwright,
in the Foreword to Hudson-Weems' book,
Africana Womanism: Reclaiming Ourselves is
not simply a scholarly work, one of those in the mainstream, but our
own. It is a new trail blazed with incontrovertible revelations on the
African heritage and gender question. Hudson-Weems bravely takes the
bull by the horns, confronts the Eurocentric avalanche of works on questions
of gender, and puts forward the Afrocentric point of view. (xvii).
Book Chapters/Articles on Africana Womanism and Emmett Till
In all of Hudson-Weems articles, she demonstrates
a refreshing breath of Africana scholarship. Always placing Africa at
the center of her analyses, she emerges as a truly authentic Africana
scholar, bent on interpreting the Black experience from the perspective
of authentic Black life. Her writing is thorough, engaging and lucid.
Her assessment of ideas is both accurate and timely. In fact, one could
even say the Hudson-Weems in many instances, is ahead of times. That was
certainly the case with her work on Emmett Till, as many now do not hesitate
in calling Till's brutal lynching the catalyst of the Civil Rights Movement,
even though traditionally Rosa Parks' demonstration was deemed unquestionably
to be the beginning of the movement by all historians, as documented in
her 1988 doctoral dissertation (U. of Iowa). In addition, her seminal
work on Africana Womanism was likewise ahead of its time. The challenge
that Hudson-Weems took up in the mid-eighties at The National Council
for Black Studies caused a momentary uproar, but very soon, after hearing
her present her position that Black women were not feminists, many of
her colleagues were quick to reassess their position, saying that they
always knew that something was wrong with feminism for them and that it
just didn't quite fit. Whenever Hudson-Weems observed that something was
not quite right, she would challenge it. Her scholarship reflects this
inclination, as she has remained constant in her scholarly activities
and has contributed greatly to her area of expertise.
- “Establishing Female Competency via Literacy: Reclaiming Our Communities: An Africana Womanist Mission,” Closing Chapter in Literacy As Gendered Discourse: Engaging the Voices of Women in Global Societies, edited by Daphne W. Ntiri. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc., 2015, pp. 185-195.
- “Forward” Rediscoursing African Womanhood in Search for Sustainable Renaissance: African Womanism in Multi-disciplinary Approach, edited by Itai Muwati and Zifikile Gambahaya, College Press Harare, Zimbabwe, 2012.
- “Ending de-womanization, de-femininization and de-humanization vie Self Naming, Self-definition and Gender Sisterhood” in Rediscoursing African Womanhood in Search for Sustainable Renaissance: African Womanism in Multi-disciplinary Approach, edited by Itai Muwati and Zifikile Gambahaya, College Press Harare, Zimbabwe, 2012.
- “Environmental Racism–Black Landowners and Katrina in the Making of a New Hilton Head: A Till Continuum.” Book Chapter (Palgrave-Macmillan Publishers, 2009).
- "Africana Thought-Action: An Authenticating Paradigm for Africana Studies," The Western Journal of Black Studies (Fall 2006).
- "Africana Womanism: The Flip Side of
a Coin," in The Western Journal of
Black Studies (2001).
- "Africana Womanism: An Overview," in
Out of the Revolution: The Development of Africana
Studies, Delores Aldridge and Carlene Young, Editors, Lexington
Books, 2000, pp. 205-217.
- "Africana Womanism: An Historical, Global Perspective
for Women of African Descent," Call and
Response: The Riverside Anthology of the African American Literary Tradition,
Patricia Liggins Hill, General Editor, Houghton Mifflin, 1998, pp. 1811-1815.
- "Africana Womanism, Black Feminism, African
Feminism, Womanism," in Sisterhood, Feminisms
and Power, Obioma Nneameka, Editor, New Jersey: African World
Press, 1998, pp. 149-162 .
- "Self-Naming and Self-Defining: An Agenda
for Survival," in Sisterhood, Feminisms
and Power, Obioma Nneameka, Editor, New Jersey: African World
Press, 1998, pp. 449-452.
- "Resurrecting Emmett Till: The Catalyst of
the Civil Rights Movement," in Journal
of Black Studies (Sage Publication), November 1998, pp. 179-188.
- "Africana Womanism and the Critical Need for
Africana Theory and Thought," in The Western
Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 21, No. 2, Summer 1997, pp. 79-84.
- "From Malcolm Little to El Hajj Malik El Shabazz:
Malcolm's Evolving Attitude Toward Africana Women," The
Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 1993,
- "Cultural and Agenda Conflicts in Academia:
Crtitical Issues for Africana Women's Studies," in The
Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 13, No. 4, Winter 1989,
- "The Tripartite Plight of African-American
Women as Reflected in the Novels of Hurston and Walker," in Journal
of Black Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2, December 1989, pp. 192-207.
- "Africana Womanism, Black Feminism, African
Feminism, Womanism," in Black Studies:
From the Pyramids to Pan Africanism and Beyond, William Nelson,
Jr., Editor, McGraw Hill, 2001.
- "Africana Womanism: Entering the New Millennium,"
in State of the Race, Creating Our 21st
Century: Where Do We Go From Here, Jemadari Kamara and T. Menelik
Van Der Meer, Editors, University of MA-Boston Press, 2001.
(uploaded November 2015)
An Overview, book chapter.
Till: The Catalyst of the Modern Civil Rights Movement," article.
and the Critical Need for Africana Theory and Thought," article.
"Nommo: Self-Naming and Self-Definition,"
a revision of "Self-Naming and Self-Definition:
An Agenda for Survival" in Sisterhood,
Feminisms and Power (African World Press, 1998).
© 2013 The Curators of the
University of Missouri and Clenora Hudson-Weems, Ph.D.