2015 National FFA Agricultural Technology and Mechanical Systems Career Development Event Update

2012-2016 Event Superintendent Edward A. Franklin
 

This web site will be updated as information becomes available throughout the year. Any updates made between August and the date of the National FFA Convention will appear in red to highlight the change. If you find a mistake or an electronic reference does not work, please send an email to the appropriate contest associate superintendent and the superintendent.

Last updated 11/22/14


Introduction

The changing workplace in America has caused education institutions to reassess the strategies followed when preparing students for their future. To be competitive in the job market a student must be able to access and apply a broad range of information through the use of computers and networks. Today's students must be competent in the management of their resources and they must develop strong interpersonal skills. Students must understand and have experience with complex systems and a variety of technologies.

To effectively prepare students for the agricultural mechanics work environment, the students must acquire knowledge and skills, and develop the ability to solve difficult problems. The agricultural mechanics professional of tomorrow will perform these skills while working with others and apply these skills to a range of systems and technologies that interrelate. The agricultural mechanics profession requires employees to do much more than perform tasks.

The National FFA Agricultural Mechanics Career Development Event is designed to recognize those students who have developed the competencies necessary for success in the constantly changing workplace. The traditional knowledge and skills are still a part of agricultural mechanics technical content, but many other abilities are now necessary. Emphasis is placed on the way in which students work with others, access information, solve complex problems, select an appropriate technology, and apply the principles of science. The agricultural mechanics career development event balances problem solving abilities, with knowledge, skills, and experience. These abilities are evaluated for students working together as a team and for each student working independently.

Announcement - Coaches Meeting

Team coaches are invited to meet with CDE Committee members on Wednesday afternoon after contestants are excused and escorted to the West Hall CDE area to begin the Written Exam and Team Activity. Room location will be announced during the Team Orientation.

Content Areas for the Event

The career development event will be developed from the following subject matter topics described under the five systems areas listed below.

 

Information / Rules for the Event

Click here to review general information about the event!

Click here to review the rules about the event!

General Rules for the Event

LAPTOP COMPUTER REQUIREMENTS FOR 2015:

Teams MUST bring at least one laptop computer and one portable printer (you can bring more). The two computers will allow more than one team member to work on the team report at the same time and provides a backup in the event of a computer failure. The laptops must be able to read HTML, Adobe Acrobat Reader 6.0 (PDF) or higher, MS-Excel 2003, and MS-Word 2003 or higher files from a USB flash drive. Laptop computers that are several years old (5+) will present a disadvantage to students. A USB flash drive will be used to provide information for the team activity. The large computer files and graphics on the USB Flash drive can operate very slowly on older operating systems and sometimes will lockup the software, requiring the computer to be rebooted. To summarize, each team is REQUIRED to bring their computers for use in the team activity.

Computer Equipment Checklist:

During the 2015 team activity, each team will be given a flash drive for their computer(s). The flash drive will have the instructions and information specific to the activity and the final report will be typed and printed. Each team will use either their printer(s) or the CDE printers to printout the final report and any other information needed from the computer's hard drive or the flash drive. Teams may save any information they wish on the hard drive of their computers and they may access and use this information during the team activity.

Please Note: Teams may save any information they wish on the hard drive of their computers and they may access and use this information during the team activity. Students will NOT be allowed to bring any external storage medium (flash drives etc.) to the team activity. Students will NOT be allowed to establish a connection to the internet during the event. Students connecting to the Internet will be disqualified from the event.
 
 

SAFETY GLASSES ARE REQUIRED

All team members must wear safety glasses during the team and skill events. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession. Each year there are individuals and teams that arrive for Wednesday's team activity and/or Thursday's skill activities without safety glasses. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

USE OF HAND CALCULATORS

Each team member will need a calculator to complete the multiple-choice examination on Wednesday and the skill activities on Thursday. Neither iPads (or similar technology) or Cell phones can be used as a calculator during the event. Students will not be allowed to share a calculator during the examination on Wednesday or during the skill activities on Thursday. The team activity will also require calculators, but team members may share them during this activity.
 

USE OF CELL PHONE

No team member is allowed to use a cell phone or any other communication device at any time during the event.

SCORING CHANGES for 2012-2016

INDIVIDUAL SCORING
  • Written examination ---------------------------------------> 50
  • Individual Activities (5 at 30 points each) ---------------> 150
  • Team activity (1/3 of total team score) -------------------> 133.3
  • Total Possible Individual Score --------------------------> 333.3

  • TEAM SCORING
  • Top three written examination -----------------------------> 150
  • All individual activities for top three individuals -------> 450
  • Team activity -------------------------------------------------> 400
  • Total Possible Individual Score --------------------------> 1000

  • Event Theme for 2015:

    INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    This is the emphasis area for the 2015 National FFA Ag Technology and Mechanical Systems Career Development Event.
     

    2015 Written Examination

    The written examination for the event took on a new format in 2012. The students had 60 minutes to complete this activity as in the past. However, the number of questions and the points alocated for each question changed. A total of 25 questions were asked; five for each area of the event. Each question is now worth two points (not one point). Please click on the link for the example exam so that you can download and review prior to the event.

    Sample Exam for the National FFA Ag Technology and Mechanical Systems Career Development Event

    Sample Exam for 2014 National FFA Ag Technology and Mechanical Systems Career Development Event

    Sample Reference sheet for 2014 National FFA Ag Technology and Mechanical Systems Career Development Event

    Please note that reference sheets will be included with the exam. These reference sheets may include tables, diagrams, pictures, formulas, and additional information. If a reference sheet should be viewed in order to answer a specific question, the reference sheet will be indicated in the question.


    2015 Structural Systems Activities

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area students must have safety glasses in their possession. Students must wear clothing and footwear appropriate for metal working. Any required eye protective equipment, other than safety glasses, such as required hearing protective equipment and gloves, will be provided.

    The Structural Systems Skill activity update:

    This year contestants may be required to read and interpret a working drawing, accurately use a measuring tool, and/or utilize one of several processes to weld, braze, or cut metal in order to fabricate, modify, or repair a part.

    Suggested References:

    Textbooks:

  • Modern Welding, Bowditch, William A., Kevin E. Bowditch, Mark A. Bowditch and Carl H. Turnquist, 2004, Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc.
  • Mechanical Technology in Agriculture by Johnson, Donald M., Joe Harper, David Lawver and Philip Buriak, 1998, Interstate Publishers, Inc.
  • Agriscience Mechanics, by Phipps, Lloyd J. and Glen M. Miller, 1998, Interstate Publishers, Inc.
  • 'No Teacher Left Behind,' a CD training set available free of charge from Lincoln Electric Technical Training Department, www.lincolnelectric/teachers.
  • Agricultural Technical Systems and Mechanics by Koel, Mazur, Moniz, and Radcliff. American Technical Publishers. ISBN is 978-0-8269-3663-9.
  • Other Reference Material:

    No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Craig Morton, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas, Telephone 1.936.468.3705. Email: rangermorton1972@yahoo.com


    2015 Machine & Equipment Systems Activities

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    Across all aspects of agriculture, Integrated Pest Management is a priority area to maintain crop health, maximize yields, and ultimately improve a farmer's economic position. In order to facilitate these concepts, farmers are using self-propelled sprayers to apply herbicides, pesticides, and even liquid fertilizer. In 2015, students will be asked to complete one or more of the following activities involving a self-propelled sprayer. (The manufacturer and model number for the sprayer has not been established at this time.)

    Potential Activities:

  • Identify parts on the sprayer
  • Determine hydraulic drive system requirements
  • Calibrate ground speed
  • Calibrate land area
  • Identify operator Personal Protection Equipment
  • Calibrate sprayer nozzles
  • Determine spray nozzle flow rates
  • Identify correct spray nozzle use
  • Determine correct application rates
  • Determine correct spray tip heights
  • Determine safety issues dealing with liquid chemicals
  • Determine correct spray nozzle pressures
  • Determine correct spray nozzle application patterns
  • Please check back for more information at a later date.

    Suggested References:

  • TeeJet Technologies, Catalog 51A http://www.teejet.com/english/home/literature/catalogs/catalog-51a.aspx
  • Sprayer Calibration Reference Guide, https://store.extension.iastate.edu/Product/Sprayer-Calibration-Reference-Guide
  • Pesticide Application Equipment and Calibration, http://www.clemson.edu/extension/pest_ed/safety_ed_prog/application_equip.html
  • Boom Sprayer Calibration, http://varietytesting.tamu.edu/weeds/Baumann%20Publications/SCS-1998-01Sprayer%20Calibration.pdf


  • Books
  • Introduction to Agricultural Engineering Technology, A problem Solving Approach, by Harry L, Field and John B. Solie, 3rd Ed. 2007, ISBN 978-0-387-36915-0

    Field Capacity
  • http://www.caes.uga.edu/departments/bae/extension/handbook/documents/capacity.pdf
  • https://www.extension.iastate.edu/agdm/crops/html/a3-24.html
  • http://ag.arizona.edu/crop/equipment/agmgttable3.pdf


  • Machinery Economics
  • http://farmdoc.illinois.edu/manage/newsletters/fefo04_05/fefo04_05.html
  • https://www.extension.iastate.edu/agdm/crops/html/a3-29.html
  • http://faculty.apec.umn.edu/wlazarus/documents/machdata.pdf
  • http://www.aae.wisc.edu/aae320/Budgets/IA%20Farm%20Machinery%20Cost%20PM710.pdf
  • http://www.farmdoc.illinois.edu/fasttools/spreadsheets/programdescriptions/machineryeconomics.pdf

  • We suggest that you also visit the websites and/or look at product literature on field sprayers.


    No other specific reference materials has not been selected at this time. Please check back for additional information at a later date.

    Textbooks:

    No textbooks have been identified. Textbooks will be announced as they are identified.

    Other Reference Material:

    ·        No other reference material has been identified.  Other references will be announced as they are identified.


     

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. P. Ryan Saucier, Texas State University,TX, Telephone 1.512.245.3325, Email:ps51@txstate.edu


    2015 Environment and Natural Resource Systems Skills

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    Description:
    Students should be familiar with the following concepts found in the 2012-2016 Agriculural Technology and Mechanical Systems Handbook at: https://www.ffa.org/Programs/Awards/CDE/AgMechanics/Pages/default.aspx

    Brief Summary of Individual Activity:
    Background:
    Some pesticides are chemically denatured by mixing with alkaline water, or in alkaline soil. As an example, the label of Azatin XL (a biological insect growth regulator) mentions that dilute solutions should be maintained at a pH between 3 and 7, and applied soon after preparation. It states that the diluted solution must not be stored for later use. In order to use this product effectively, you will have to correct the pH of your water before mixing. Azatin is not the only pesticide that degrades rapidly in alkaline water (pH greater than 7). The carbamates and organophosphates are generally more susceptible than chlorinated hydrocarbons or pyrethroids.

    Student may have an opportunity to complete one or more of the following tasks:

  • Calibrate a pH meter
  • Determine the pH of a water sample
  • Adjust the pH of a water sample
  • Determine or demonstrate the proper techniques for handling chemicals.
  • Demonstrate the proper use of protective clothing or equipment.
  • References:

    Additonal references will be announced as they are identified.


    Additonal References:
  • https://extension.umass.edu/floriculture/fact-sheets/effects-ph-pesticides-and-growth-regulators
  • http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/publications/alkaline_deg/
  • http://www.epa.gov/opp00001/factsheets/pest_ti.htm
  • http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CEEQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fpep.wsu.edu%2Fpdf%2Ffactsheets%2Fsafehandling.pdf&ei=eWZaVN3jH62aigLJpYBY&usg=AFQjCNGwb2eyaanZD72VNLiGTHBnhOj0-Q&sig2=Gy3ffATV-FODSbQr3tOJww&bvm=bv.78972154,d.cGE
  • Please check back for more information at a later date.

    Other Reference Material:

    Additonal references will be announced as they are identified.

     

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Steven E. Poe, The University of Arizona, AZ, Telephone 1(520) 621-5879, Email: spoe@ag.arizona.edu


    2015 Electrical Systems Skill Activity



    No palm pilot (PDA) and cell phone devices will be allowed in the contest area. The activity will involve problem solving and calculations. A calculator is highly recommended.

    Electrical equipment is widely used in integrated pest management systems, including applications in greenhouses and irrigation systems. Thus, agricultural technicians and producers must be able to interpret manufacturers. technical information, plan and install, and troubleshoot these systems and work with automatic controls. The ability to properly plan and install NEC Code compliant branch circuits for greenhouses and irrigation is also important. Specific competencies may include:

  • 1. Use electrical test instruments such as: VOA (volt-ohm-amp)-meter, DMM (digital multi-meter), and tachometer.
  • 2. Attach conductors to terminals.
  • 3. Troubleshoot electrical circuits using proper testing equipment and measuring devices.
  • 4. Measure electrical circuits for voltage, amperage, resistance and wattage.
  • 5. Read schematics and sketch wiring circuits.
  • 6. Use appropriate standards for agricultural applications, including the National Electrical Code (NEC), Electrical Testing Laboratory (ETL), Factory Mutual, Underwriters Laboratory (UL), Canadian Standard Association (CSA) and/or OSHA standards.


  • Suggested References for Activity:

    In addition to the general references specified for the Agricultural Technology and Mechanical Systems CDE, the following references may be useful in preparing for the Electrical Systems Skill Activity. Note: Specific references are listed below, but others may be added at a later date.

  • Greenhouse Electrical Design Considerations: http://www.ngma.com/standardpdf/ElectricalD2010.pdf
  • 2014 National Electric Code, National Fire Protection Association
  • Agricultural Wiring Handbook (16th ed.). Available from the Rural Electricity Resource Council
  • Electrical Controls (2nd ed.) by James M. Allison. Available from AAVIM
  • Hunter Irrigation website: http://www.hunterindustries.com/


  • Review the general references for the CDE.

    Other Reference Material:

    No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Don Johnson, University of Arkansas, 1.479-575-2039 Email:dmjohnso@uark.edu


    2015 Energy Systems Activities

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    No palm pilot (PDA) and cell phone devices will be allowed in the contest area. The activity may involve problem solving and calculations. A calculator is highly recommended.

    Cultural practices including proper irrigation methods and timing are important elements of effective integrated pest management programs. Agricultural producers and systems managers may utilize engine driven irrigation pumps; therefore, they must be able to determine the horse power requirements of engine driven irrigation systems and properly install, maintain, service and adjust engine and pump operating systems in order to minimize cost and effectively apply water according to a prescribed irrigation schedule. The ability to interpret technical data and utilize engine repair manuals is also important.

    Students should be familiar with measuring tools, power requirements, small engine maintenance & requirements, variable rate applications, valves, pumps, and pressure regulators.

    Skills and competencies may include:

  • Interpret horsepower, torque and other power measurement criteria.
  • Perform recommended periodic service jobs (as found in operator.s manuals).
  • Use measuring tools and test instruments such as: micrometer and telescoping gauges,dial indicator, compression tester, torque wrench, VOA (volt-ohm-amp) meter, DMM(digital multi-meter), timing devices and tachometer and dynamometer for determining test procedures.
  • Select and use engine overhaul equipment, including valve, cylinder, piston, seal and bearing tools.
  • Service and maintain fuel, air intake and exhaust, cooling and lubrication systems.
  • Operate engine and adjust or check ignition timing, engine speed and carburetor adjustments.
  • Determine energy consumption and cost savings of alternatives.


  • Suggested References for Activity:

    In addition to the general references specified for the Agricultural Technology and Mechanical Systems CDE, the following references are suggested for the Energy Systems Skill Activity. Note: Specific references are listed below, but others may be added at a later date.

    Suggested References for Activity:
  • Briggs & Stratton Repair Manual: Single Cylinder OHV Air-Cooled Engines: Part # 276781-8/09
  • Briggs & Stratton Elite Series Water Pump Owner.s Manual: 073001, 073002, 073003
  • Small Engine Care & Repair (2003). Briggs & Stratton and Creative Publishing International, Chanhassen, Minnesota: Part # 274041
  • Radcliff, R. B. (2009). Small Engines (3rd). American Technical Publishers, Homewood, IL.
  • Fipps, G. (n.d.) Calculating Horsepower Requirements and Sizing Irrigation Supply Pipelines. Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Texas A&M University System. http://gfipps.tamu.edu/Publications&Papers/Extension%20Publications/B-6011.pdf
  • Harrison, K. & Skinner, R. E. (2012). Irrigation Pumping Plants and Energy Use. The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension. http://extension.uga.edu/publications/files/pdf/B%20837_2.PDF


  • Review the general references for the CDE.



    Other Reference Material:

    No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.

    Associate Superintendent:  Mr. Sidney Bell, State Staff of Georgia Agricultural Education, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, Telephone 1.706.552.4464, Fax 1.706.552.4462 Email: sbell@gaaged.org  



     

    2015 Team Activity - INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    All team members must wear safety glasses during the team event. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    Team members will work together to complete the activity in two hours. This team event is worth 250 points. If a team member exhibits or performs any unsafe practice, points will be deducted from the total team score.

    Equipment Provided: The equipment for the Team Activity portion of the event revolves around a Kohler three-cylinder diesel engine. Please check back for additional information at a later date.

    Equipment provided by the Team: Teams will be expected to provide appropriate personal protective clothing, a laptop computer with Adobe Reader (version 6 or higher) capable of reading FLASHDRIVE's, HTML, and pdf documents, and a printer and cartridge, printer paper for printing, power cable, and connecting cable. Teams will be expected to test their laptop computer and printer compatibility BEFORE the Team Activity. The students will be provided with the references and an answer sheet via a flash drive that will work with the lap top computer that they bring with them.

  • Safety glasses for each team member
  • Tape measure
  • Pencils
  • Calculator
  • Printer paper
  • Description of Team Activity:

    TEAM ACTIVITIES for 2015

    The team activity will involve a Kohler three-cylinder diesel engine. Teams will be asked to manufacture a specified item that will fit this engine. They will also be asked to collect data and make a decision related to an engine system. Skills involved in this team activity will include:
  • Measuring and marking metal
  • Drilling metal
  • Welding: SMAW (stick welding) or GMAW (wire-feed welding)


  • An understanding of engine systems will also be required. Engine systems include
  • Air/fuel system
  • Ignition system
  • Cooling system
  • Lubrication system
  • Exhaust system


  • Again, please check back for more information at a later date.

    Please understand that the Associate Supt. reserves the right to make necessary changes to this activity based on the availability of materials and resources to successfully conduct this activity.

    The students will be provided with the references and an answer sheet via digital media (ie USB drive) that will work with the lap top computer that they bring with them.

    Note: All necessary tools will be provided that will be used during 2015 Team Activity. If teams bring their own tools, duplicate tools that we provided will be removed from their work station.

    Suggested References:

  • Team members should review the owner’s manual for the Kohler diesel engine model KDW 1003. This manual can be found on line at http://www.northerntool.com/images/downloads/manuals/60278.pdf.
  • A service manual (workshop manual) for the KDW1003 can be found at http://www.kohlerengines.com/onlinecatalog/pdf/kdw702_1404_service.pdf


  • No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.

    Textbooks:

    No textbooks have been identified. Textbooks will be announced as they are identified.

    Other Reference Material:

  • Click here to review the scoring rubric for the team event!

  • Other reference material will be announced as they are identified.

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Rick Bockhop/ Dr. Mark Zidon, Telephone: 1.608.342.1391, Email: bockhopr@uwplatt.edu Email: zidon@uwplatt.edu



     

    The five year rotating schedule beginning with the year 2015:

     

    YEAR

    EVENT THEME

    2015

    Integrated Pest Management Systems

    2016

    Animal Production Systems

    2017

    Material Handling Systems

    2018

    Processng Systems

    2019

    Plant Production Systems



     

    SUGGESTED GENERAL REFERENCES

    ·        D. M. Johnson, J. Harper, D.E. Lawver & P. Buriak. Mechanical Technology in Agriculture, Prentice Hall, 2001

    ·        The National Fire Protection Association. National Electric Code, 2002.

    ·         Ray V. Herren and Elmer L. Cooper. Agricultural Mechanics Fundamentals & Applications, 4th edition, Delmar Publishing.  

    ·         Koel, Mazur, Moniz, and Radcliff. Agricultural Technical Systems and Mechanics, American Technical Publishers. ISBN is 978-0-8269-3663-9.


    If you have concerns about specific references that will be used, please contact the respective Associate Superintendent.



     
     

    Edward A. Franklin

    2012-2016 Event Superintendent

    University of Arizona, Agriculture Education Dept.

    1110 E. South Campus Dr., Saguaro Hall 205

    Tucson, AZ 85721-210033

    (520) 621-1523 (voice)

    (520) 621-9889 (fax)

    eafrank@ag.arizona.edu (email)


     
     

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