2013 National FFA Agricultural Technology and Mechanical Systems Career Development Event (National FFA Agricultural Mechanics Career Development Event) Update

2012-2014 Event Superintendent Edward A. Franklin
 

This web site will be updated as information becomes available throughout the year. Any updates made between August and the date of the National FFA Convention will appear in red to highlight the change. If you find a mistake or an electronic reference does not work, please send an email to the appropriate contest associate superintendent and the superintendent.

last updated 8/26/13


Introduction

The changing workplace in America has caused education institutions to reassess the strategies followed when preparing students for their future. To be competitive in the job market a student must be able to access and apply a broad range of information through the use of computers and networks. Today's students must be competent in the management of their resources and they must develop strong interpersonal skills. Students must understand and have experience with complex systems and a variety of technologies.

To effectively prepare students for the agricultural mechanics work environment, the students must acquire knowledge and skills, and develop the ability to solve difficult problems. The agricultural mechanics professional of tomorrow will perform these skills while working with others and apply these skills to a range of systems and technologies that interrelate. The agricultural mechanics profession requires employees to do much more than perform tasks.

The National FFA Agricultural Mechanics Career Development Event is designed to recognize those students who have developed the competencies necessary for success in the constantly changing workplace. The traditional knowledge and skills are still a part of agricultural mechanics technical content, but many other abilities are now necessary. Emphasis is placed on the way in which students work with others, access information, solve complex problems, select an appropriate technology, and apply the principles of science. The agricultural mechanics career development event balances problem solving abilities, with knowledge, skills, and experience. These abilities are evaluated for students working together as a team and for each student working independently.

Announcement - Coaches Seminar

"Energizing Welding Education with STEM"

How can welding be brought to the masses in a fun, exciting, and relevant way that involves STEM based activities and satisfies your administrators? This session will explore the unknown world of STEM and its relationship with welding. This will be a fun interactive seminar designed to challenge the status quo and reengineer welding education. The Coaches Seminar is scheduled for Wednesday afternoon beginning at 1:00pm in KEC B102.

Content Areas for the Event
 
 

The career development event will be developed from the following subject matter topics described under the five systems areas listed below.

 

Information / Rules for the Event

Click here to review general information about the event!

Click here to review the rules about the event!

General Rules for the Event

LAPTOP COMPUTER REQUIREMENTS FOR 2013:

Beginning 2005, it was REQUIRED that each team has a laptop computer and printer. Please understand that the National FFA will no longer provide computers for this activity, so teams without this equipment are placing themselves at an extreme disadvantage. Teams should bring at least one laptop computer and one portable printer (you can bring more). The two computers will allow more than one team member to work on the team report at the same time and provides a backup in the event of a computer failure. The laptops must be able to read HTML, Adobe Acrobat 6.0 (PDF) or higher, MS-Excel, and MS-Word 2003 of higher files from a USB flash drive. Laptop computers that are several years old (5+) will present a disadvantage to students. A USB flash drive will be used to provide information for the team activity. The large computer files and graphics on the USB Flash drive can operate very slowly on older operating systems and sometimes will lockup the software, requiring the computer to be rebooted. To summarize, each team is REQUIRED to bring their computers for use in the team activity.

Computer Equipment Checklist:

During the 2013 team activity, each team will be given a flash drive for their computer(s). The flash drive will have the instructions and information specific to the activity and the final report will be typed and printed. Each team will use either their printer(s) or the CDE printers to printout the final report and any other information needed from the computer's hard drive or the flash drive. Teams may save any information they wish on the hard drive of their computers and they may access and use this information during the team activity.

Please Note: Teams may save any information they wish on the hard drive of their computers and they may access and use this information during the team activity. Students will NOT be allowed to bring any external storage medium (flash drives etc.) to the team activity. Students will NOT be allowed to establish a connection to the internet during the event. Students connecting to the Internet will be disqualified from the event.
 
 

SAFETY GLASSES ARE REQUIRED

All team members must wear safety glasses during the team and skill events. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession. Each year there are individuals and teams that arrive for Wednesday's team activity and/or Thursday's skill activities without safety glasses. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

USE OF HAND CALCULATORS

Each team member will need a calculator to complete the multiple-choice examination on Wednesday and the skill activities on Thursday. Cell phones cannot be used as a calculator. Students will not be allowed to share a calculator during the examination on Wednesday or during the skill activities on Thursday. The team activity will also require calculators, but team members may share them during this activity.
 

USE OF CELL PHONE

No team member is allowed to use a cell phone or any other communication device at any time during the event.

SCORING CHANGES for 2012-2016

INDIVIDUAL SCORING
  • Written examination ---------------------------------------> 50
  • Individual Activities (5 at 30 points each) ---------------> 150
  • Team activity (1/3 of total team score) -------------------> 133.3
  • Total Possible Individual Score --------------------------> 333.3

  • TEAM SCORING
  • Top three written examination -----------------------------> 150
  • All individual activities for top three individuals -------> 450
  • Team activity -------------------------------------------------> 400
  • Total Possible Individual Score --------------------------> 1000

  • Event Theme for 2013:

    PROCESSING SYSTEMS

    This is the emphasis area for the 2013 National FFA Agricultural Mechanics Career Development Event.
     

    2013 Written Examination

    The written examination for the event took on a new format for 2012. The students had 60 minutes to complete this activity as in the past. However, the number of questions and the points alocated for each question changed. A total of 25 questions were asked; five for each area of the event. Each question is now worth two points (not one point). Please click on the link for the example exam so that you can download and review prior to the event.

    Sample Exam for the National FFA Agricultural Mechanics Career Development Event

    Please note that reference sheets will be included with the exam. These reference sheets may include tables, diagrams, pictures, formulas, and additional information. If a reference sheet should be viewed in order to answer a specific question, the reference sheet will be indicated in the question.


    2013 Structural Systems Activities

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area students must have safety glasses in their possession. Students must wear clothing and footwear appropriate for metal working. Any required eye and/or hearing protective equipment and/or gloves will provided.

    The Structural Systems Skill activity update:

    This year contestants may be required to read and interpret a working drawing, accurately use a measuring tool, and/or utilize one of several processes to weld, braze, or cut metal in order to fabricate, modify, or repair a part.

    Suggested References:

    Textbooks:

  • Modern Welding, Bowditch, William A., Kevin E. Bowditch, Mark A. Bowditch and Carl H. Turnquist, 2004, Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc.
  • Mechanical Technology in Agriculture by Johnson, Donald M., Joe Harper, David Lawver and Philip Buriak, 1998, Interstate Publishers, Inc.
  • Agriscience Mechanics, by Phipps, Lloyd J. and Glen M. Miller, 1998, Interstate Publishers, Inc.
  • 'No Teacher Left Behind,' a CD training set available free of charge from Lincoln Electric Technical Training Department, www.lincolnelectric/teachers.
  • Agricultural Technical Systems and Mechanics by Koel, Mazur, Moniz, and Radcliff. American Technical Publishers. ISBN is 978-0-8269-3663-9.
  • Other Reference Material:

    No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Craig Morton, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas, Telephone 1.936.468.3705. Email: rangermorton1972@yahoo.com


    2013 Machine & Equipment Systems Activities Activities (Note: the piece of equipment has changed from an earlier posting)

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    The Machine and Equipment Systems area will deal with the processing of feed stuff, or other commodities. We will be using a John Deere Model 559 or 569 Round Balers. The skill activities might include the maintenance, set-up, adjusting, sizing, trouble shooting, field capacities, efficiencies, and transportation requirements, etc.

    Please check back for more information at a later date.

    Suggested References:

    The skill activity will be as generic as possible so that students will not be put at a disadvantage if they do not have access to a particular type of machine. When practicing for the event, remember that the skill activity is designed to be performed by an individual in a 25 minute time period. However, there will be an assistant available at each machine to provide limited assistance for any student that may have a physical limitation of some type. If there is anything specific to the equipment, this information will be provided on the day of the event. At this point please secure the following manuals:

  • John Deere Operators Manual: http://manuals.deere.com/omview/OMFH313140_19/?tM=
  • John Deere Operators Manual: http://manuals.deere.com/omview/OMFH313135_19/?tM=

  • We suggest that you also visit the websites and/or look at product literature on bales.

    No other specific reference materials has not been selected at this time. Please check back for additional information at a later date.

    Textbooks:

    No textbooks have been identified. Textbooks will be announced as they are identified.

    Other Reference Material:

            No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.


     

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Mack Strickland, Purdue University, Telephone 1.765-494-1162, Email: strick@purdue.edu


    2013 Environment and Natural Resource Systems Skills

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    Description:
    In agriculture and in life, water is a very precious resource for processing agricultural bio-products. Whether on a traditional farm, an urban garden, or processing facility, water can mean the difference between efficient production and tragic economic losses. Therefore as agriculturalists, we must understand the efficient use of this resource in our daily lives, both on and off the farm. Participants should be prepared to utilize traditional and emerging technologies in the area of water use, related equipment uses and calculations, area measurement, and weather monitoring. The ability and knowledge to determine slope, land area, etc. is recommended. Only specific formulas will be provided. Common formulas used for land area, gallons per acre, etc. and will be required knowledge of the participant. Participants should also be prepared to identify, utilize, convert, and manipulate units associated with length, area, and volume such as gallons, cubic feet, square meters, acres, square feet, cubic yards, etc.

    Brief Summary of Individual Activity:
    Students participating in this portion of the contest will be asked to complete the following tasks based upon the premise that they are a farmer in the Western U.S. who irrigates a nut tree orchard using flood irrigation methods. Students will be asked several questions concerning flood irrigation (i.e. calculating water flow rates, calculating irrigation amounts on a prescribed land size, calculating irrigation costs) and engine driven irrigation pumps (parts identification, performance rates, maintenance, troubleshooting, and repair). Please check back for more information at a later date.

    References:

    Briggs & Stratton Corporation (1998). Small Engine Care & Repair. Creative Publishing International, Inc. Minnetonka, MN.
    Field, H.L. & Solie, J.B. (2007). Introduction to agricultural engineering technology (3rd ed.). Springer: NY. ISBN: 978-0-387-36913-6
    Mitchell, N.H. (2004). Mathematical applications in agriculture (1st ed.). Thomson Delmar Learning: Clifton Park, NY.
    Radcliff, R. B. (2009). Small Engines (3rd). American Technical Publishers, Homewood, IL.

    Additional textbooks will be announced as they are identified. Please check back for more information at a later date.

    Other Reference Material:

    Fipps, G. (n.d.) Calculating Horsepower Requirements and Sizing Irrigation Supply Pipelines. Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Texas A&M University System.
    Haman, D. Z., Zazueta, F. S., Izuno, F. T. (n.d.) Selection of Centrifugal Pumping Equipment. University of Florida, Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
    Harrison, K. & Skinner, R. E. (2012). Irrigation Pumping Plants and Energy Use. The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension.
    Heerema, R., Mexal, J., & Sammis, T. (2008). Irrigation Scheduling of Pecan Orchards: The Water Budget Approach. New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service.
    Herrera, E. & Sammis, T. (2005). Flood Irrigation in Pecan Orchards. New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service.
    Morris, M. & Lynne, V. (2006). Maintaining Irrigation Pumps, Motors, and Engines. ATTRA . National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service.

    Other references will be announced as they are identified.

     

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Ryan Saucier, Texas State University - San Marcos, TX, Telephone 1.512.245.3325, Email: ps51@txstate.edu


    2013 Electrical Systems Skill Activity

    No palm pilot (PDA) and cell phone devices will be allowed in the contest area. The activity will involve problem solving and calculations. A calculator is highly recommended.

    Electrical equipment is widely used in agricultural processing operations. All electrical equipment must be connected to correctly planned and properly installed electrical branch circuits. Therefore, it is important that agricultural technicians and workers have an understanding of electrical loads (including motors), over-current and motor protection devices, control devices (both manual and automatic), conductor selection (for conditions of use, ampacity, and voltage drop), and approved and safe wiring procedures. The ability to correctly wire dual-voltage and electrically-reversible electric motors is also essential.


    Possible scenarios for the 2013 Electrical Skill activity include: (Again, please check back for more information at a later date.)

    Electrical Systems


  • 1. Planning a motor branch circuit and wiring a dual-voltage, electrically-reversible motor to operate at a specified voltage and direction of rotation.
  • 2. Interpreting electrical wiring diagrams and schematics.
  • Suggested References for Activity:

    In addition to the general references specified for the Agricultural Technology and Mechanical Systems CDE, the following references may be useful in preparing for the Electrical Systems Skill Activityl: Note: Specific references are listed below, but others may follow at a later date that may help prepare for the activity.

  • 2011 National Electric Code, National Fire Protection Association
  • Agricultural Wiring Handbook (16th ed.). Available from the Rural Electricity Resource Council
  • Electrical Controls (2nd ed.) by James M. Allison. Available from AAVIM
  • Fundamentals of Motor Control, Schneider Electric. Available on-line:
  • Review the general references for the CDE.

    Other Reference Material:

    No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.


    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Don Johnson, University of Arkansas, 1.479-575-2039 Email:dmjohnso@uark.edu


    2013 Energy Systems Activities

    All students must wear safety glasses during the skill activities. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    The 2013 Energy Systems activity will focus on one or more the following skills:
    1. Measuring and interpreting readings with a multi-meter.
    2. Troubleshooting and evaluating a photovoltaic panel by measuring the open-circuit voltage, the short-circuit current and the maximum power output.
    3. Determine the appropriate tilt angle orientation of a solar panel given an application and location.

    Textbooks:

            No textbooks have been identified. Textbooks will be announced as they are identified.

    Other Reference Material:

  • http://thesolarstore.com/manuals/SLP020-12u.pdf (Solar Panel data sheet)
  • http://s3.amazonaws.com/suncam/npdocs/089.pdf
  • http://energyworksus.com/solar_installation_position.html
  • http://www.macslab.com/optsolar.html
  • http://solarelectricityhandbook.com/solar-angle-calculator.html
  • http://www.wikihow.com/Use-a-Multimeter
  • http://www.masonmonitoring.com/pdf/support/UsingMultimeter.pdf
  • Sears Craftsman AC/DC Clamp Meter Owner's Manual

     

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Stephen Poe, Telephone 1.520-621-5879, Fax 1.520-621-3963 Email: spoe@ag.arizona.edu



     

    2013 Team Activity - PROCESSING SYSTEMS

    All team members must wear safety glasses during the team event. To enter the CDE area, students must have safety glasses in their possession.

    Team members will work together to complete the activity in two hours. This team event is worth 250 points. If a team member exhibits or performs any unsafe practice, points will be deducted from the total team score.

    Equipment Provided: The equipment for the Team Activity portion of the event has not yet been determined. Please check back for additional information at a later date.

    Equipment provided by the Team: Teams will be expected to provide appropriate personal protective clothing, a laptop computer with Adobe Reader (version 6 or higher) capable of reading FLASHDRIVE's, HTML, and pdf documents, and a printer and cartridge, printer paper for printing, power cable, and connecting cable. Teams will be expected to test their laptop computer and printer compatibility BEFORE the Team Activity. The students will be provided with the references and an answer sheet via a flash drive that will work with the lap top computer that they bring with them.

  • Safety glasses for each team member
  • Tape measure
  • Pencils
  • Calculator
  • Printer paper
  • Description of Team Activity:

    TEAM ACTIVITIES for 2013

    The team activity will focus on pumping water. Skills and problems addressed will include:

  • Constructing a plumbing station base as wood working project.
  • Plumbing a pump using PVC pipe.

  • Additional information will be provided at a later date.

    Please understand that the Associate Supt. reserves the right to make necessary changes to this activity based on the availability of materials and resources to successfully conduct this activity.

    The students will be provided with the references and an answer sheet via digital media (ie USB drive) that will work with the lap top computer that they bring with them.

    Note: All necessary tools will be provided that will be used during 2013 Team Activity. If teams bring their own tools, duplicate tools that we provided will be removed from their work station. Note below the tools that will be provided:

  • Corded drill
  • Phillips screwdriver bits
  • Tape measure
  • Framing square
  • Phillips head screwdriver
  • Claw hammer
  • Phillips screwdriver
  • Carpenter Pencils
  • Hacksaw
  • Combination square
  • 5/16 inch drill bit
  • 1/8 inch drill bit
  • 7 1/4 inch electric circular saw
  • Saw horse
  • 1/2 inch wrench

  • Note: Teams may provide their own tools. However, as noted above, duplicate tools that we provided will be removed from their work station.

    Suggested References:

    No other reference material has been identified. Other references will be announced as they are identified.

    Textbooks:

    No textbooks have been identified. Textbooks will be announced as they are identified.

    Other Reference Material:

  • Click here to review the scoring rubric for the team event!

  • Other reference material will be announced as they are identified.

    Associate Superintendent: Dr. Rick Bockhop/ Dr. Mark Zidon, Telephone: 1.608.342.1391, Email: bockhopr@uwplatt.edu Email: zidon@uwplatt.edu



     

    The five year rotating schedule beginning with the year 2013:

     

    YEAR

    EVENT THEME

    2013

    Processing Systems

    2014

    Plant Production Systems

    2015

    Integrated Pest Management Systems

    2016

    Animal Production Systems

    2017

    Material Handling Systems



     

    SUGGESTED GENERAL REFERENCES

            D. M. Johnson, J. Harper, D.E. Lawver & P. Buriak. Mechanical Technology in Agriculture, Prentice Hall, 2001

            The National Fire Protection Association. National Electric Code, 2002.

             Ray V. Herren and Elmer L. Cooper. Agricultural Mechanics Fundamentals & Applications, 4th edition, Delmar Publishing.
     

    If you have concerns about specific references that will be used, please contact the respective Associate Superintendent.



     
     

    Edward A. Franklin

    2012-2014 Event Superintendent

    University of Arizona, Agriculture Education Dept.

    1110 E. South Campus Dr., Saguaro Hall 205

    Tucson, AZ 85721-210033

    (520) 621-1523 (voice)

    (520) 621-9889 (fax)

    eafrank@ag.arizona.edu (email)


     
     

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